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Entada rheedii, commonly known as the African dream herb or snuff box sea bean, and as the cacoon vine in Jamaica, is a large woody liana or climber.
The seeds of Entada from India has medicinal values. Seeds of Entada are rich in potassium (K) and phosphorous (P) (1264 and 1240 mg/100 g respectively), followed by calcium (Ca) and sodium (Na) (199 and 68 mg/100 g respectively). The micro element Iron (Fe) level in the seed was 3.3 mg/100 g. The plant is also used as a topical ointment against jaundice, toothache, ulcers and to treat muscular-skeletal problems.
Entada species are assumed to self-pollinate, with pollen grains being transferred from the anther to the stigma of the same plant. Flowers produce gigantic pods that contain large seeds. The seeds are dispersed by water, and it takes some years before the seed coat is naturally scarified and the embryo is able to root.
|Common name||African Dream-nut, Elephant Creeper, Mackay Bean, Ladynut|
|Global distribution||Tropical and South Africa, Sri Lanka, India to China, Malaysia to Australia|
|Flowering & Fruiting||March to May|
|Habitat||Common along river and stream sides of evergreen and semi-evergreen forests|
|Ecosystem service||Seeds eaten by Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa indica indica)|
|Uses – Food||White kernels of seeds are edible.|